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The Journal Gazette

  • Associated Press With tensions on global trade palpable, German Chancellor Angela Merkel addresses President Donald Trump during the G-7 Leaders Summit on Saturday in La Malbaie, Canada.

Sunday, June 10, 2018 1:00 am

Trump, Trudeau trade threats

US pulls support for G-7 statement

Washington Post

QUEBEC CITY – President Donald Trump feuded with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and threatened to impose penalties on foreign automobile imports Saturday, capping an acrimonious meeting of the Group of Seven industrial nations that further frayed ties between the United States and its closest allies.

Trump said Saturday evening that he had instructed U.S. officials to withdraw support for a joint statement with other member nations he had backed just hours earlier, saying the United States would not join after Trudeau publicly criticized Trump's trade policy.

“Based on Justin's false statements at his news conference, and the fact that Canada is charging massive Tariffs to our U.S. farmers, workers and companies, I have instructed our U.S. Reps not to endorse the Communique as we look at Tariffs on automobiles flooding the U.S. Market!,” Trump wrote on Twitter after leaving the summit.

Trump did not specify which of Trudeau's statements he considered false.

Trudeau criticized Trump's recent decision to place tariffs on steel and aluminum from the European Union, Canada and Mexico, saying it was “insulting” that Trump cited U.S. national security as his reason for doing so.

“Canadians, we're polite, we're reasonable, but we also will not be pushed around,” Trudeau said at his own, separate news conference at the meeting's end.

Later Saturday, Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., rebutted Trump's position by tweeting: “To our allies: bipartisan majorities of Americans remain pro-free trade, pro-globalization & supportive of alliances based on 70 years of shared values. Americans stand with you, even if our president doesn't.”

Democrats Rep. Nancy Pelosi, Calif., and Sen. Charles Schumer, N.Y., also tweeted their opposition to Trump. Schumer asked: “Are we executing Putin's diplomatic and national security strategy or AMERICA's diplomatic and national security strategy? After the last few days, it's hard to tell.”

US a 'piggy bank'

G-7 leaders had hoped the annual summit would strengthen ties that had been tested by trade disputes. Instead, it ended in a war of words between Trump and the leader of one of the United States' largest trading partners that threatened to escalate into a full-blown trade war.

Earlier Saturday, Trump said he had floated the idea of countries dropping all import barriers, saying he would do the same in return. But he warned he could cut off U.S. trade entirely with countries that kept current rules in place, arguing they had taken advantage of previous administrations to take advantage of the United States.

“We're like the piggy bank that everybody is robbing,” Trump said here at a news conference. “And that ends.”

Trump cautioned other nations – those in the G-7 and around the world – that the size of the U.S. economy means other nations can't win a trade war.

“We win that war a thousand times out of a thousand,” Trump said.

Trump would almost certainly need help from Congress to completely cut off trade with a U.S. ally. But has already made significant changes to trade policy – working around bipartisan opposition from Congress – through invoking a previously seldom-used provision that allows presidents to make trade decisions if they deem it necessary to protect national security.

Saturday's clashes ended a summit that was marked by repeated disagreements between the United States and its closest allies. The G-7, in its current form, consists of the United States, Canada, Britain, Germany, France, Italy and Japan.

And he departed the gathering early – skipping a discussion of global climate change – to fly to Singapore for a nuclear summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

Despite the tension, the member states' leaders were cordial in person, Trump included. He made first-name references to “Angela” and “Justin,” and he repeatedly insisted he blamed previous U.S. leaders, not foreign ones, for what he sees as the global trade imbalance.

Russia's role

Trump on Friday called for Russia to be readmitted to the G-7 after it was expelled in 2014 for annexing Ukraine's Crimea. He said Saturday the leaders discussed the question of Russia's inclusion in the group but reached no conclusion. “We didn't do votes or anything, but it has been discussed,” he said.

Russia is a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council and plays a significant role in international security issues. It also holds a seat in the larger Group of 20.

“We're looking for peace in the world. We're not looking to play games,” Trump said.

Trump is not the first politician to make the argument that Russia belongs at the G-7 table, but his position is a turnabout from the Obama administration, which condemned the 2014 annexation and imposed sanctions on Russia as punishment.

“Crimea was let go during the Obama administration, and, you know, Obama can say all he wants, but he allowed Russia to take Crimea. I might have had a very different” response, Trump said.

Leaders from Canada and Britain rejected Trump's call to bring Russia back, saying Russian President Vladimir Putin would have to make major changes to be given a welcome. Although, new Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte sided with Trump.

NAFTA, EU deals

On Friday evening, the White House issued a statement saying Trump and Trudeau were very close to a deal to rework the North American Free Trade Agreement.

But during his comments Saturday morning, Trump raised multiple options for NAFTA, including a potential new deal or the possibility of doing separate deals with Mexico and Canada, effectively cleaving the longtime agreement in two.

“It was not contentious,” Trump said. “What was strong was the language that this cannot go on, but the relationships are very good.”

“The European Union is brutal to the United States, and they know it,” Trump said, adding that other leaders acknowledge as much in private.

“It's like the gig is up,” he said. “They can't believe they got away with it.”

European officials described things much differently. Their leaders confronted Trump about how his protectionist policies had given them no choice but to retaliate with tariffs of their own, a person familiar with the encounter said. These tariffs, they told Trump, would hurt everyone.