WASHINGTON – Facing lawmakers who suggested U.S. surveillance has gone too far, the national intelligence director on Tuesday defended spying on foreign allies as necessary and said such scrutiny of Americas friends – and vice versa – is commonplace.
Another top intelligence official said the collection of phone records that prompted outrage across the Atlantic actually was conducted with the help of European governments. News reports that the National Security Agency had swept up millions of phone records in France, Spain and elsewhere were inaccurate and reflected a misunderstanding of metadata that was in fact collected by NATO allies and shared with the United States, the director of the NSA told a congressional hearing.
The nations post-Sept. 11 surveillance programs are coming under increased criticism at home and abroad, capped by recent revelations that the NSA monitored German Chancellor Angela Merkels cellphone and those of up to 34 other world leaders. Those reports relied on documents provided by former NSA analyst Edward Snowden.
Congressional leaders who have been staunch supporters of the NSA programs are now saying it is time for a close examination. The White House said Tuesday that President Barack Obama had ordered a full review of the programs and was considering changes.
National Intelligence Director James Clapper defended the secret surveillance that sweeps up phone records and emails of millions of Americans as vital to protecting against terrorists.
He played down European allies complaints about spying on their leaders, saying the allies do it, too.
Thats a hardy perennial, Clapper told a House intelligence committee hearing.
He said during his 50 years working in intelligence it was a basic tenet to collect, whether by spying on communications or through other sources, confidential information about foreign leaders that reveals if what theyre saying gels with whats actually going on.
Committee Chairman Mike Rogers asked whether allies had conducted the same type of espionage against U.S. leaders. Absolutely, Clapper responded.
Asked about collection of foreign phone records, the NSAs director, Gen. Keith Alexander, testified that the U.S. did not collect European records alone, as was reported over the past week to an outcry of criticism across Europe.
Alexander said the U.S. was given data by NATO partners, often collected from elsewhere around the world, as part of a program to protect military interests. He disputed that the program targeted European citizens but did not offer specifics. He called the reports completely false.
As for efforts at home, the intelligence leaders defended sweeping up records of U.S. phone calls as necessary to combat terrorism. The Obama administration vigorously opposes efforts to curtail the internal spying programs that have angered some Americans.
Rogers urged lawmakers not to scrap an important investigative tool.
We cant ask the FBI to find terrorists plotting an attack and then not provide them with the information they need, he said.
A bipartisan plan introduced Tuesday would end the NSAs sweep of phone records, allowing the government to seek only records related to ongoing terror investigations.
Asked about the reports of eavesdropping on world leaders, Obama himself said in a Fusion network television interview that the U.S. government is conducting a complete review of how our intelligence operates outside the country.