ROCKFORD, Ill. – When Charlie Worboys lost his job, he feared searching for a new one at his age might be tough. Six years later, at 65, hes still looking.
Luanne Lynch, 57, was laid off three times in the past decade and previous layoffs brought jobs with a lower salary; this time she cant even get that.
Theyre not alone. A new Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research poll finds many people over 50 reporting great difficulty finding work and feeling that their age is a factor.
After Worboys was laid off and his hunt for another teaching job was fruitless, he sought counseling positions. When those leads dried up, he applied for jobs in juvenile detention centers, in sales and elsewhere. He finally settled for part-time work, all the while still scouring online listings and sending out applications each week.
Theyre looking for the younger person, he said. They look at the number 65 and they dont bother to look behind it.
The AP-NORC Center poll found 55 percent of those 50 and older who have sought a job in the past five years characterized their search as difficult, and 43 percent thought employers were concerned about their age. Further, most in the poll reported finding few available jobs (69 percent), few that paid well (63 percent) or that offered adequate benefits (53 percent). About a third were told they were overqualified.
Still, some companies are welcoming older workers, and 43 percent of job seekers surveyed found a high demand for their skills and 31 percent said there was a high demand for their experience. Once on the job, older workers were far more likely to report benefits related to their age – 60 percent said colleagues had come to them for advice more often and 42 percent said they felt as if they were receiving more respect in the company.
People of all ages have been frustrated by the job market and the unemployment rate for those 55 and older was 5.3 percent in September, lower than the 7.2 percent rate among all ages. By comparison, unemployment among those 20-24 was 12.9 percent, and among those 25-54, 6.2 percent.
But long-term unemployment has been rampant among the oldest job seekers. Unemployed people aged 45 to 54 were out of work 45 weeks on average, those 55 to 64 were jobless for 57 weeks and those 65 and older average 51 weeks.
Younger workers were unemployed for shorter periods of time.
Sixty-three percent of those who searched for a job cited financial need and 19 percent said it was because they were laid off. Far smaller numbers searched because they wanted to change careers, find a better salary or benefits, escape unhappiness at a prior job or simply get out of the house.
Lynch, of San Gabriel, Calif., hated taking a step down after the earlier layoffs, but this time only one interview has come from 70-some applications.
Its starting at the bottom, she said. And frankly, Im getting too old to be starting at the bottom.
Bob Gershberg, a corporate recruiter in St. Petersburg, Fla., said unemployed people, regardless of age, have had trouble getting rehired. But he said older workers have faced an added layer of employer skepticism.
Theyll say, Give me the young guy. Give me the up-and-comer. Someone with fire in the belly, he said. But theres always been a bias against the unemployed. They say, If she was so good, whyd she get cut?
Sharon Hulce, who runs a recruitment firm in Appleton, Wis., said she has found some employers are concerned that applicants in their late 50s or 60s may not stick around for the long haul.
And Kerry Hannon, who authored Great Jobs for Everyone 50-plus, said managers may be leery of a lengthy résumé from someone whose salary they cant afford.
Theyll look at your background and just figure youll be insulted, she said.