When it comes to managing our health, we all know its a numbers game.
These are simple things for us to look at, said Dr. David Delaney Elsner, a family physician at the HealthEast Roseville Clinic in Roseville, Minn. Being aware of these things sooner rather than later can be very helpful for preventing long-term problems.
Get to know these five barometers of wellness:
Blood pressure: Less than 120/80
What it is: Measures the pressure of blood flowing through your arteries.
Why its important: Untreated high blood pressure, over time, greatly increases the chances of having a stroke, heart disease or kidney failure.
Total cholesterol: Below 200 milligrams/dL
What it is: This number is a combination of high-density lipoproteins (HDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and other fats in your blood.
Why its important: If theres too much cholesterol in your blood, it keeps circulating and that bad cholesterol can eventually enter the blood-vessel walls. A buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries can block blood flow.
Fasting blood sugar: Less than 100 milligrams/dL
What it is: Tells you what the sugar content is in your blood.
Why its important: Helps screen for diabetes.
BMI: Less than 25
What it is: Stands for body-mass index. Its a formula that takes your mass (in kilograms), divided by height (in meters squared). It helps determine if youre at a normal weight.
Why its important: People who are overweight or obese are at a much higher risk for health problems such as high blood pressure. A BMI thats under 18.5 is considered underweight, and might indicate an eating disorder.
Waist size: Less than 35 inches (women); less than 40 inches (men).
What it is: The circumference around your belly – the area above your hipbone and below your ribcage.
Why its important: People with large waistlines have too much abdominal fat, putting them at a high risk for Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and coronary vascular disease.