FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. – The Hollywood image of Tonto once had the Lone Ranger’s sidekick wearing a thin headband and lots of dangling fringes.
The latest Disney version has a shirtless Johnny Depp adorned with feathers, a face painted white with black stripes, and a stuffed crow on his head.
The character in the upcoming The Lone Ranger still speaks broken English and chants prayers. But Depp has said he’s less subservient, honors the proud American Indian warrior and displays a dry sense of humor seen throughout Indian Country. The production even hired a Comanche adviser, making it decidedly a Comanche story, and received the blessing of other tribes through ceremonies during filming.
Yet Disney has caught flak for what some say is the perpetuation of stereotypes through a character that lacks any real cultural traits. Moviegoers will have to wait until Tuesday to see how all this plays out on screen. For now, they’re getting a glimpse through movie trailers that have left them both optimistic and angry, and wondering to what extent the new Tonto portrays actual American Indians.
What has most people scratching their heads is the black crow that appears to hover over Depp’s head, and the black stripes that run vertically down his painted face. The inspiration came from a painting by artist Kirby Sattler, who said his work isn’t specific to one tribe but is modeled after nomadic Plains tribes of the 19th century.
Depp took the image to the film’s Comanche adviser, William Two-Raven Voelker, to ask if it was far-fetched. His answer: It’s not.
There are a lot of people out there screaming who are not Comanche, as in this story Tonto is supposed to be, Voelker said. They know nothing of bird culture. When we wear or use those feathers, we’re calling on the energy of the entire bird.
The story of westward expansion as told from Tonto’s perspective isn’t entirely accurate historically. Some of the scenes are filmed in Monument Valley on the Navajo Nation, with trains curving around the spires that Navajos believe are petrified deities, and Depp and co-star Armie Hammer looking out beyond the cliffs.
Voelker had sought out the sweeping expanses of the southern Plains, home to the Comanche Nation.
Hanay Geiogamah, a member of the Kiowa Tribe of Oklahoma who advised Disney on Pocahontas, said Depp’s Tonto comes off as a mystical, radical modernization of the character played by Jay Silverheels in the 1950s, which is by far the most recognizable.
You can say, Well, American Indians are going to like this one more,’ Geiogamah said. Are they going to respond more positively to the Johnny Depp Tonto? You’re still responding to a non-Indian, stereotypical image.
Ernest Tsosie of the Navajo comedy duo, James and Ernie, is looking forward to seeing the movie.
One scene has Tonto and the Lone Ranger atop a train, being held at gunpoint by an outlaw who asked if they’re going somewhere. The Lone Ranger says no; Tonto insists they are. His straight-face turns to a smirk as the two are picked off the train by a hook that catches the chains that tie them together.
It’s a real quick moment where I caught it and I kind of chuckled, Tsosie said. From what I saw, there’s some moments in there that are meant to be funny but not outwardly funny. I think most Natives will pick up on it.
Tsosie said other tribes have teased the Comanche for making Depp an honorary member but doesn’t believe Depp is ignorant of American Indian culture. Depp was inquisitive about the Navajo language during filming, and the tribal president gave him a Pendleton blanket.
T-shirts that Depp has worn have pictures of American Indian warriors in the 1492 version of homeland security and with the letters AIM for American Indian Movement, Tsosie said. I think he knows what’s up.
I just hope that the other rabble-rousers out there can just sit back and take this in as a piece of entertainment, Voelker said.