LOS ANGELES – Celebrities have long contended with the occasional downsides of stardom – tabloid scandals, stalkers, box office bombs, the paparazzi. Now, add swatting to the list – a prank that sends police charging to the gates of stars homes on false reports of gunmen, hostages or other crimes in progress.
Instead of bad guys, responding officers, police dogs, helicopters and sometimes SWAT teams have found only stunned domestic and security staff unaware of any trouble – because there wasnt any.
The recent hoax 911 calls to the homes of Tom Cruise, Justin Bieber, Ashton Kutcher, Chris Brown and other stars are leading authorities to eye some 911 calls with extra suspicion and lawmakers to call for stiffer penalties for the pranksters.
This is a very vexing problem that needs to be fixed at the early stages, said California State Sen. Ted Lieu, who is proposing tough consequences, including hefty fines, for those caught swatting. If this isnt resolved, this will result in a tragic situation.
Swatting is the rare trend that actually didnt start in Hollywood. Authorities in Dallas, Washington state, Alabama and elsewhere have arrested teens and young men for bogus 911 calls that have drawn large police responses and in some cases, resulted in innocent people being detained by police.
The term comes from the pranksters desire to have heavily armed special weapons teams dispatched to their calls. That doesnt always happen, but the calls tie up resources such as from dispatchers, patrol officers, helicopters, detectives and cyber-crime specialists.
The Beverly Hills Police Department estimated more than half of its emergency resources were occupied with the Cruise swatting call Jan. 17. It was just one of a rash of calls aimed at celebrities over the next several days, including a false claim there was a domestic violence incident at Browns home.
Were getting much better at deciphering what is real and what is not, said Steve Whitmore, a spokesman for the Los Angeles County Sheriffs Department.
Patrol units will check out every call but will hold off calling in the big guns until signs of an actual crime emerge, he said.
Los Angeles police Cmdr. Andrew Smith said the department has seen an increase in the number of swatting calls since last year, when stars such as Kutcher, Bieber and Cyrus were targeted.
People are jumping on the bandwagon thinking its funny or a clever or interesting, Smith said. The calls arent just tying up patrol officers, but also investigators probing the pranks who could be assigned to larger crimes.
Police arrested a 12-year-old boy in December who is suspected of placing swatting calls at numerous homes, including Kutchers. That call brought out many heavily armed officers and prompted the actor to leave the set of Two and a Half Men to make sure his home and workers were safe.
Prosecutors are still evaluating potential charges against the boy.
The term swatting was coined by the Dallas FBI office a few years ago after its agents busted a group responsible for 60 hoax calls around the nation. The groups leader was sentenced to more than five years in prison and ordered to pay more than $75,000 in fines, although most swatting calls are handled by local authorities.
Hoaxers often use a computer and programs available online to trick 911 systems into thinking the distress calls are coming from the address where officers are dispatched, even though the prankster may be miles, or several states, away.
Although the use of Internet phone providers can make it harder to track the callers, nothing on the Internet is ever terribly secret, Smith said. Theres always going to be a trail.
Dr. John Grohol, a research psychologist who studies Internet behavior and founded the online community PsychCentral.com, said the motivation for celebrity swatting may be rooted in the hoaxers desire to impact the stars lives and gain notoriety for themselves in online communities.
You have to kind of look at it from the perspective that most people dont have a lot of opportunity to affect a celebritys life directly, Grohol said. This is a way that a person can feel empowered.