CAIRO – Prominent Egyptian democracy advocate Mohammed ElBaradei warned Saturday of increasing turmoil that could potentially lead to the military stepping in unless the Islamist president rescinds his new, near absolute powers, as the countrys long fragmented opposition sought to unite and rally new protests.
Egypts liberal and secular forces – long divided, weakened and uncertain amid the rise of Islamist parties to power – are seeking to rally themselves in response to the decrees issued last week by President Mohammed Morsi. The president granted himself sweeping powers to protect the revolution and made himself immune to judicial oversight.
The judiciary, which was the main target of Morsis edicts, pushed back Saturday. The countrys highest body of judges, the Supreme Judicial Council, called his decrees an unprecedented assault. Courts in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria announced a work suspension until the decrees are lifted.
Outside the high court building in Cairo, several hundred demonstrators rallied against Morsi, chanting, Leave! Leave! echoing the slogan used against former leader Hosni Mubarak in last years uprising that ousted him. Police fired tear gas to disperse a crowd of young men who were shooting flares outside the court.
The edicts issued Wednesday have galvanized anger brewing against Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood, from which he hails, ever since he took office in June as Egypts first freely elected president. Critics accuse the Brotherhood and other Islamists of monopolizing power and doing little to bring real reform or address Egypts mounting economic and security woes.
Opposition groups have called for new nationwide rallies Tuesday – and the Muslim Brotherhood has called for rallies supporting Morsi the same day, setting the stage for new violence.
Morsi supporters counter that the edicts were necessary to prevent the courts, which already dissolved the elected lower house of parliament, from further holding up moves to stability by disbanding the assembly writing the new constitution, as judges were considering doing. Like parliament was, the assembly is dominated by Islamists. Morsi accuses Mubarak loyalists in the judiciary of seeking to thwart the revolutions goals and barred the judiciary from disbanding the constitutional assembly or parliaments upper house.
In an interview with a handful of journalists, including The Associated Press, Nobel Peace laureate ElBaradei raised alarm over the impact of Morsis rulings, saying he had become a new pharaoh.
There is a good deal of anger, chaos, confusion. Violence is spreading to many places and state authority is starting to erode slowly, he said.
We hope that we can manage to do a smooth transition without plunging the country into a cycle of violence. But I dont see this happening without Mr. Morsi rescinding all of this.
Speaking of Egypts powerful military, ElBaradei said: I am sure they are as worried as everyone else. You cannot exclude that the army will intervene to restore law and order if the situation gets out of hand.